Do Bees Eat Honey?

When we think of bees, the first thing that often comes to mind is honey. This golden, sticky substance is not only a favorite among humans but is also crucial for the survival of bees.

So, do bees eat honey? Let’s dive into the fascinating world of bees and uncover the role honey plays in their lives.

The Role of Honey in a Bee’s Diet

Yes, bees do eat honey. Honey is a vital food source for bees, especially during colder months when flowers are scarce, and foraging is not possible. Bees work tirelessly during the warmer months to collect nectar from flowers, which they then convert into honey and store in their hives. This honey serves as an essential food reserve that sustains the colony through the winter.

How Bees Make Honey

Bees collect nectar, a sugary liquid, from flowers using their long, tube-shaped tongues and store it in their “honey stomachs.” Once the bee returns to the hive, it passes the nectar to another bee by regurgitating the liquid into the other bee’s mouth.

This process is repeated until the nectar is partially digested and then deposited into honeycomb cells. Bees then fan the nectar with their wings to evaporate excess water, thickening it into honey. Once the honey is of the right consistency, the bees seal the honeycomb cell with a wax cap.

Why Bees Eat Honey

Honey provides bees with essential nutrients, including sugars, which are a vital energy source. It also contains small amounts of proteins, enzymes, vitamins, and minerals that contribute to the overall health of the bee colony.

During winter or when adverse weather conditions prevent bees from leaving the hive, they rely on their stored honey to survive. Worker bees consume honey to produce heat by vibrating their wing muscles, keeping the hive warm enough to support the queen and the developing brood.

The Importance of Honey to Bee Colonies

The creation and consumption of honey are central to the survival of bee colonies. Not only does it provide a key energy source, but it also plays a critical role in the social structure and efficiency of the hive. The efforts to produce honey drive the pollination of plants, a critical process for the health of ecosystems around the world.

Bees’ Selective Eating Habits

While honey is a staple, bees’ diets can also include pollen, which provides proteins and fats necessary for their development. The queen bee, larvae, and young bees are fed “royal jelly,” a substance produced by worker bees, highlighting the varied and specialized diet within a hive.


Bees indeed eat honey, a fundamental component of their diet that supports their energy needs, particularly during times when foraging is not an option. The process of making and storing honey is a remarkable example of nature’s efficiency and serves as a testament to the hard work and intricacy of bee colonies.

Honey not only sustains bee populations but also plays a vital role in the pollination of plants, showcasing the interconnectedness of our ecosystem.